Miscellaneous / Physiology Of Badminton

Physiology Of Badminton

Autor:  Paul  06 September 2012
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Words: 1424   |   Pages: 6
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Badminton is a fairly unknown sport, only appearing in everyday conversation every four years due to its appearance at the Olympics. Regardless of its small popularity, it is one of the most intense sports to play. The fast pace of movements, the lighting fast reflexes and the harrowing agility of professional players leaves the audience speechless. Endurance is only a minor factor, with other fitness components more predominant.

Most fitness components are evident somewhere within the game of badminton. From the speed of the wrist to the power of the jump smash, to the muscular endurance of the never ending rally to the depth touch of the drop shot. Three components are the main components of the sport. These three fitness components are power, agility and flexibility.

Power, defined as ‘The ability to exert maximum muscular contraction instantly in an explosive burst of movements.’[1]. This component allows a player to outhit his opponent, by pushing the opponent further back through clearance shots and is most evident in a smash. The smash is where maximum power is exerted and transferred into the shuttlecock so that it gains enough speed to hit the ground without the opponent being able to react.

Agility is also a key component and is defined as ‘The ability to perform a series of explosive movements in rapid succession in opposing directions’ [1]. With the court so small and the reaction time being minimal, the player must be able to hit the shuttlecock from just about anywhere on the court and return back to the centre of the court ready for the return shot. If one’s agility is not up to standard, the opponent will just move the player to where he wants and win the point with ease. Agility allows for the orthodox shots to become effective.

To complement agility and power, flexibility further improves any action made in badminton. It is defined as ‘the ability to achieve an extended range of motion without being impeded by excess tissue, i.e. fat or muscle’ [1]. The more flexible one is, the further a joint can be rotated, creating more leverage and hence more power. Also, the more flexible one is, the further a movement can be made and therefore agility is improved. It serves as mostly a complement to the two previous components.

Energy systems are evident in every sporting activity and badminton is no exception. During a game of competitive badminton, the ATP-PC and Lactic Acid systems are the most evident during gameplay. This is due to the sma ...

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